但另一方面，也因为培根艺术遗产的搬离造成了伦敦与都柏林的纷争。等到意大利作家、记者拉瓦里诺在培根去世后爆出他拥有培根赠予他几百幅油画棒作品后，又造成了英国和意大利之间的纷争，前者一开始拒绝承认这批作品是培根的真迹，后经专家鉴定（包括英国著名的艺术史家爱德华·鲁西-史密斯（Edward Lucie-Smith））是真迹后，保持沉默。这在培根的传记里、作品集里都不提，连培根在80年代去意大利度假的记述都没有，好像这段历史不存在一样。此过程引发了多起争议，甚至考陶徳艺术学院原定举办的“鉴定学的挑战：以培根意大利素描绘画为例（The Challenge of Authentication: Francis Bacon – a case study）”论坛（2011年）也因担心引起法律诉讼而取消。意大利这批培根绘画作品从90年代末开始展示，中间发生诸多争论，最后经过多方艺术史家、笔迹专家、档案专家的研究，这批作品真实性才不再存有疑虑。
为什么培根赠予他的意大利伴侣拉瓦里诺这么多作品而没有说出来？是因为培根去世前的作品独家代理是马尔波罗画廊，他不能在画廊代理之外将作品处理，但培根把意大利视为他的庇护所，获得安宁的地方，从1977年到去世前，经常去；而拉瓦里诺就是他的伴侣，他告诉拉瓦里诺“你不能说这仅仅是生活，……生活比艺术重要（You cannot say it’s only life… life is more important than art）”。经过长久的研究、讨论、回应、法院判决，围绕这批“培根意大利作品”，发生在英国与意大利之间的争议已经落下帷幕。在期间，这批“培根意大利作品”的展览连续不断，国际界由之增加了对培根的研究和了解，包括高雄美术馆2012年也举办了这批培根作品的首个亚洲展。目前，蓬皮杜、泰特都在计划这批作品的展览。
In the international painting world, if there is no Bacon, I don't know how dim the light of painting will be. If Bacon's generation (including Freud and Hockney) did not make such achievements and influence on painting, there may lost a big chapter in the writing of the art history after World War II. Even the determination of painting’s decline and death are affirmed.
In fact, it is Bacon and these painters swept away the haze on the heads of painting and made art history raising confidence in painting again. Their paintings made the world embrace the real painting as a genre. The reason for this is that we are in an era of globalization. Our views of the world are easily influenced by social opinions and solidified by certain types of media. For example, it seems that after the baptism of modernism, the decline of painting is self-evident. On the other hand, compared with other emerging art media, some popular and timely paintings do lack the internal motivation and appeal infection. These shortcomings are exactly where painting is criticized. After a cycle of formalism, painting is suddenly surprised to be found that it is related to the expression of human nature and the sense of human existence.
Painting is quite different for Bacon as such. These differences originate from his strong senses of life and his expressions of the true life. When you look at his works, even the non professional audiences will be shocked. The exaggerated shapes, twisted trunks and painful expressions will move and touch audiences’ hearts. Only an artist who owns deep feelings and understandings of the world can do this. If it is not a painter's keen inner sense, there can be no such expressions. In other words, the appearance of Bacon allows us examine the paintings seriously and we pay homage and admiration to it. To some extent, because of the emergence of Bacon's generation of artists, many misunderstandings of painting have been cleared up since the emergence since the emergence of artists in Bacon’s generations. Especially in the 21st century, don't we still need painting? Such a desire for painting is not just enough for painting. Looking at Bacon's life and his painting’s career, we can see what kind of paintings are needed and what kind of paintings are difficult. The painters are honing his life to create his or her life’s paintings.
Reading Bacon's paintings is like reading his life. However, his paintings carried outside rules’ of life. No matter how we study the historical process of art, we should not ignore and forget the presence of artists’ life. Only after reading Bacon's biography can we understand why his paintings are so shocking and inspiring. After he is widely accepted and recognized, any research can not offset the origin of the true meaning of his paintings imposed by his life.
It should be said that today we are in an era of material consumption.The fate of life seems to become more and more insipid in the material life. Superficially, there are abundant materials and many tall buildings, but the tracks and speeds of life are more and more involuntary and out of balance. In such a hasty rhythm, sometimes painting becomes slow and unable to pour out the profundity of life experience; on the contrary, the more standardized and programmed of learning painting, the more unable to get the true meaning of painting. This can be seen from the thousands of people among us who study painting. So when we are moved by Bacon's paintings, Our thinking and feeling are his physical pain, entanglement and pain in the world. In other words, the main point of Bacon's painting is not the incompleteness of the composition and the simplicity of the background, but the extreme tension of the characters in the picture.These cause the psychological shock to the audience and impacts the soul. This kind of direct visual impact painting comes from Bacon's life experience--- a kind of response on the verge of predicament and despair.
On the other hand, Bacon lived in a period of turbulent Europe. He grew up from World War I to World War II, and matured from World War II to cold war. In 1963, he made his first solo exhibition at Tate Gallery in England (he was 53 years old at that time), and later made his solo exhibition in France, which won the favor of the French. Until his death in 1992, he lived in a world full of emotion challenge. It can be said that people cannot learn from Bacon. If so many his comments and researches just stay on the analysis of techniques, they are actually buying something for nothing. Bacon was born in Ireland. He was shy when he was a child. He was scolded and expelled by his father, which is beyond the imagination of today's children. The same-sex love he encountered again and again is well known. He studied Nietzsche in Berlin, visited museums in France, and went back to London to do interior design. Life has given him a lot of hardships. He was not a college graduate. Also, he was not a normal painter. These experience was his root. The portraits are depicted the ones he loved. The nihility of the space symbols his living feeling. These torsos and monstrous images symbol his anguish.
Bacon's art is a true self portrait, which goes beyond painting and a plane life. This is why the world values bacon so much. It is because he depicts our reality in the world. So the world pays homage to Bacon. From the publication of Bacon's collection of works in 1964 to David Sylvester's 《interview with bacon》 in the late 1960s, and then to the second wave of Bacon research’s fever initiated by the centenary exhibition of Tate Gallery in 2009. The interpretation and research of bacon has gone beyond the scope of art history, and entered into multi-disciplinary research, such as psychoanalysis, perceptual psychology, sexuality, gender, power, time and space. Bacon is good at absorbing everything around him and transforming it into his own image form. From a simple painter raises to a critic and cultural thinker, his paintings provide abundant possibilities for philosophical research, religious research and critical theory. In particular, Bacon's paintings reshape the body. A large number of his works show the body state, his exaggerated description of the body presents people’s hidden body consciousness. It stabs all the viewers.
Bacon's art comes from his life, his love and hatred; all the things that hurt the world are also himself. The people he loves committed suicide in their hotel rooms on the day when his solo exhibition at the Grand Palace Museum of art in France began. Bacon has experienced many deep homosexual love before and after. His genius is the product of the atmosphere and society of the 20th century. His influence on his peers and posterity is unparalleled and has spread far to the East.
Bacon's influence rose steadily after the 1960s. The situation of struggling to earn some living expenses by doing interior design is gone forever and his reputation raised. The market is very fond of him. As his income soared, he bought a suite in the block opposite to the Victoria Museum in London as his studio. This studio is full of books, picture albums, pictures, photos, documents, painting supplies, picture frames, daily necessities and so on collected by Bacon. With the increase of his paintings, day after day, it becomes extremely messy. It is in this state of creative space that Bacon draws the works of the world. Bacon's great influence today is closely related to the role of the market. His works have broken Christie's auction records and become the hard currency in the auction house. It is also because of so many factors that Bacon is even known as an artist comparable to Picasso and other 20th century painting masters, who has won a mythical adoration. His fans and collectors are all over the world.
In 1992, Bacon died since the heart attack in Madrid, Spain. All the works left were given to his later partner John Edwards. The Supreme Court of England judged that Bacon's right to deal with his works was removed from Malboro, Bacon's acting Gallery Bacon’s Heritage Committee was established to take full charge of Bacon's art heritage. Since then, the Bacon’s Art Heritage Committee has moved Bacon's studio in London to Dublin intact, just like the cultural relics and archaeology. Each article is numbered, photographed, registered, packed and restored according to the original appearance of Bacon's life creation. It took several years for this restoration to be a godlike tribute to bacon. In a sense, it is in Dublin, the birthplace of bacon, that Bacon's spirit reappears to give such a hero a mythical treatment.
But on the other hand, it also caused the dispute between London and Dublin since the removal of Bacon's art heritage. When Italian writer and journalist CRISTIANO LOVATELLI RAVARINO revealed after Bacon's death that he owned hundreds of oil painting sticks donated to him by Bacon, there was a dispute between Britain and Italy. The former refused to admit that these works were real works of Bacon at the beginning, and then they were identified by experts (including the famous British Art historian Edward Luci Smith)that the works were original. They keep silent. This is not mentioned in Bacon's biography or his collection. There is no record of Bacon's vacation in Italy in the 1980s, as if this period of history did not exist. This process has caused many controversies, and even the "challenge of authentication: Francis Bacon – a case study" Forum (2011) was canceled for fear of legal proceedings. This batch of Bacon's paintings in Italy began to be displayed in the late 1990s, during which there were many disputes. Finally, after the research of many art historians, handwriting experts and archival experts, there was no doubt about the authenticity of these works.
Why didn't Bacon give so many works to his Italian partner CRISTIANO LOVATELLI RAVARINO? Because Bacon's exclusive agency for his works before his death was Malboro Gallery, he could not deal with his works outside the agency of the gallery. However, Bacon regarded Italy as his refuge and a place of peace. He often went there from 1977 to his death, and CRISTIANO LOVATELLI RAVARINO was his partner. He told RAVARINO, "you can't say it's just life Life is more important than art life is more important than art)”. After a long period of research, discussion, response and court judgment, the dispute between Britain and Italy has come to an end. During this period, the exhibition of "Bacon's Italian works" exhibit continuously, which increased the international community's research and understanding of Bacon. In 2012, the Kaohsiung Art Museum also held the first Asian exhibition of this batch of Bacon's works. At present, Pompidou and Tate are planning the exhibition of these works.
This exhibition of Bacon's Italian works in China is also an opportunity for us to learn about Bacon in many aspects. Previously, it was planned to be held in the Art Museum of the Central Academy of Fine Arts. But due to the time reasons, it could not be held. But in the process of preparing the exhibition, I contacted and read the materials about these works and found that this was a very wonderful detective story play. If someone makes it into a screenplay, it will be popular all over the world. In another sense, Bacon is Bacon. Bacon has a very rich and diverse life. His art is far from what we know at present, and there will be more exploration and research. He has only passed away for more than 30 years. What history needs to present must be studied, sorted out and commented by generations of scholars.
Naturally, Bacon's importance and influence have attracted worldwide attention. He is a shining star in the distance. Shining not only on art, but also reflecting his life changes since the 20th century.